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양조주 | 포도의 성분조성(9)

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작성자 관리자 작성일18-02-20 16:56 조회135회 댓글0건

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포도의 성분조성

 

               <표>과즙과 포도주의 성분

 

Must  

 g/100ml 

 Wine

   g/100ml 

1. Water 

 70 -85 

  80 - 90 

2. Carbohydrate

     Glucose

     Fructose

     Pentose

        Arabinose

        Rhamnose

        Xylose

     Pectin

     Inositol

     Galactose

     Ribose

     Mannose

     Fucose 

15 - 25

8 -13

7 -12

0.08 -0.20

0.05 -0.15

0.02 -0.04

     T

0.01 -0.10

0.02 -0.08

     -

     -

     -

     - 

0.1 -0.3

0.5 -0.1

0.05 -0.1

0.08 -0.20

0.05 -0.10

0.02 -0.04

0.002

     T

0.03 -0.05

0.013

0.004

0.004

0.0005 

3.Alcohols &related compound

  Ethyl

  Methyl

  Higher

  2,3 -Butylene glycol

  Acetoin

  Glycerol

  Sorbitol

  Diacetyl 

 

 

     T

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0

     T

0.0

    

8.0 - 15.0

0.01 - 0.02

0.008 - 0.012

0.01 - 0.15

0.000 - 0.003

0.30 - 1.40

     T

T - 0.0006

4.aldehyde

     T

0.001 - 0.050

5.Organic acids

  Tartaric

  Malic

  Citric

  Succinic

  Latic

  Acetic

0.3 - 1.5

0.2 - 1.0

0.1 - 0.8

0.01 -0.05

  0

  0

0.00 - 0.02

0.3 - 1.1

0.1 - 0.6

0.0 - 0.6

0.0 - 0.05

0.05 - 0.15

0.1 - 0.5

0.03 - 0.05

  Formic

  Propionic

  Butyric

  Gluconic

  Glucuronic

0

0

0

     T

In spoiled wines

In spoiled wines

From botrytised grape on ly

From botrytised grape on ly

  Glyoxylic

  Mesoxalic

  Glyceric

  Saccharic

  Amino

  Pantothenic

  ?

  ?

  -

  -

0.01 - 0.08

  -

0.00012

0.0001 - 0.0003

     T

     T

o.o1 - 0.20

      T

  Quinic

  ρ-Coumaric

  Skikimic

  Sulfurous

  Carbonic

0  

     T

     T

0

     T

     T

  ?

  ?

0.00 - 0.05

Various

 

  Glycolic

  α-Hydroxyioscaproic

  2-methyl -2,3-dihydroxybutyri

  Oxalic

  Malonic

------------------------------ 

  -

  -

  - 

  -

  -

------------------------------ 

0.00

0.0002

0.009

0.007

0.001

------------------------------ 

  Fumalic

  Citramalic

  α-Hydroxyglutaric

  Aconic

  Pyroacemic

  α-Ketoglutaric

  Galacturonic 

  -

  -

  -

  -

  -

  -

  - 

0.008

0.002

0.023

0.002

0.001

0.003

0.019

 

6.Pigments and polyphenol

  Anthocyans

  Chlorophyll

  Xanthophyl

  Carotene

  Flavonol 

 

  T

0.05

  T

  T

  T 

 

  T

0.05

0 - T

  ?

  ? 

    Querrcetin

    Quercertrin

    Rutin

   

  T

  T

  ? 

  T

  T

  ? 

  Flavonoids and non Flavonoid

    Catechain

    Gallocatechin

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